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Psychology, with all its by-products and off shoots, has assumed in the West the status of religion, and for many people has replaced it. As in other areas of social sciences, some Muslim thinkers and scholars have developed an amazing skill for the unthinking repetition and blind copying of Western, non-Islamic ideas and practices. “In the Lizard’s Hole” is a Prophetic ep Psychology, with all its by-products and off shoots, has assumed in the West the status of religion, and for many people has replaced it. As in other areas of social sciences, some Muslim thinkers and scholars have developed an amazing skill for the unthinking repetition and blind copying of Western, non-Islamic ideas and practices. “In the Lizard’s Hole” is a Prophetic epitaph that describes this activity very well. Some Muslim psychologists insist dogmatically on prying even into lizard’s holes that have been partly or totally abandoned by their Western counterparts. But do Muslims really need modern psychology at all? Is modern psychology wholly Western? Is there a way in which it could be reconciled with Islam? These burning questions lie lurking behind the dilemma of Muslim psychologists.


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Psychology, with all its by-products and off shoots, has assumed in the West the status of religion, and for many people has replaced it. As in other areas of social sciences, some Muslim thinkers and scholars have developed an amazing skill for the unthinking repetition and blind copying of Western, non-Islamic ideas and practices. “In the Lizard’s Hole” is a Prophetic ep Psychology, with all its by-products and off shoots, has assumed in the West the status of religion, and for many people has replaced it. As in other areas of social sciences, some Muslim thinkers and scholars have developed an amazing skill for the unthinking repetition and blind copying of Western, non-Islamic ideas and practices. “In the Lizard’s Hole” is a Prophetic epitaph that describes this activity very well. Some Muslim psychologists insist dogmatically on prying even into lizard’s holes that have been partly or totally abandoned by their Western counterparts. But do Muslims really need modern psychology at all? Is modern psychology wholly Western? Is there a way in which it could be reconciled with Islam? These burning questions lie lurking behind the dilemma of Muslim psychologists.

30 review for The Dilemma Of Muslim Psychologists

  1. 5 out of 5

    Hasina Rahman

    I was looking for this book since 2015 and finally I found this book in 2016. As a psychology major, I personally think everyone, regarless you are a psychology student or not, have to read this book. Even though some of the issues that have been raised by Prof Badri in this book have been settled, it is crucial for us to view psychology from different perspectives without violating the important aspects of psychology itself. His writings are very much enlightening as he has taken the whole disc I was looking for this book since 2015 and finally I found this book in 2016. As a psychology major, I personally think everyone, regarless you are a psychology student or not, have to read this book. Even though some of the issues that have been raised by Prof Badri in this book have been settled, it is crucial for us to view psychology from different perspectives without violating the important aspects of psychology itself. His writings are very much enlightening as he has taken the whole discipline of Psychology into the examination room and eventually provoked us to have critical thinking on the whole Western approaches that have been introduced to us since the establishment of Psychology.

  2. 4 out of 5

    'Izzat Radzi

    Asas penulisan berdasarkan 'Islamization of Knowledge'. Kritik atas dogma bulat-bulat teori psikologi Barat, termasuk dalam pendidikan. Saya syorkan Bab 10 : The Dethroning of Freud in the West; dan Bab 13 Are all schools of Western psychology soulless? untuk ditelaah. Kritik beliau atas Freud kerana kebanyakannya spekulasi sahaja, tanpa 'controlled research & definitive projection'. Maklum dari Taleb akan psychology school oleh Kahnemann yang saya kira agak moden dan sangat empirical dalam eksperim Asas penulisan berdasarkan 'Islamization of Knowledge'. Kritik atas dogma bulat-bulat teori psikologi Barat, termasuk dalam pendidikan. Saya syorkan Bab 10 : The Dethroning of Freud in the West; dan Bab 13 Are all schools of Western psychology soulless? untuk ditelaah. Kritik beliau atas Freud kerana kebanyakannya spekulasi sahaja, tanpa 'controlled research & definitive projection'. Maklum dari Taleb akan psychology school oleh Kahnemann yang saya kira agak moden dan sangat empirical dalam eksperimennya, yang boleh dikawal dan dicuba dimana-mana. Barangkali ia selari dengan idea penulis ini tentang bukan semua ilmu psikologi Barat harus ditolak.

  3. 4 out of 5

    Betül YILMAZ

    I think, every muslim psycology students have to read this book in their first years. When I was a student, ı tought about this problem and ı found same points with Malik Bedri. There for, ı think my way is correct. But I wish ı could read this book before my psycology education. İf ı could be an academics at a university, ı will learn this questions and answers my students. ı try to improve my knowledge about this problem. If you are another one like me, please contact me, cause ı wanna know yo I think, every muslim psycology students have to read this book in their first years. When I was a student, ı tought about this problem and ı found same points with Malik Bedri. There for, ı think my way is correct. But I wish ı could read this book before my psycology education. İf ı could be an academics at a university, ı will learn this questions and answers my students. ı try to improve my knowledge about this problem. If you are another one like me, please contact me, cause ı wanna know your opinion.

  4. 5 out of 5

    Mira Yunus

    Salvaged this book from my late father's collection left in the house's garage. He was once a Psychology lecturer in a relatively unknown academy. I was curious simply because I'm an IT professional who has never once encountered any religious dilemma in my line of work (one of the perks of taking on a STEM major!). The book starts with how a surgeon would basically apply the exact same method to his/her patients no matter where he was practicing. He/she would also disregard things like cultural Salvaged this book from my late father's collection left in the house's garage. He was once a Psychology lecturer in a relatively unknown academy. I was curious simply because I'm an IT professional who has never once encountered any religious dilemma in my line of work (one of the perks of taking on a STEM major!). The book starts with how a surgeon would basically apply the exact same method to his/her patients no matter where he was practicing. He/she would also disregard things like cultural environment of the said patient upon slicing him up and so on. This shows the unique predicament of psychologists who cannot afford to disregard their patients psychological background and goes on to elaborate on how Muslim psychologists might find differences in values of what they study/practice to what they believe in. From my limited knowledge of the field, the book fairly criticizes some of the so-called western theories, also using some other western theories that criticize them. It made a good case against Freud's psychoanalysis with many sources voicing similar opinions. What I like most about the book is how it encourages Muslim scholars to be critical of what they are reading and studying. Students must evaluate theories objectively and analysed whether they are compatible with the values of Islam. If not one must elaborate why it is not and what the better alternative to that specific theory is. As in any social sciences, the theories in psychology are not the kind of one size fits all answer to every problem encountered in the field. The book demonstrates that in an eloquent way by bringing more theories that serve as an alternate point of views to the theories it criticizes. It encourages practitioners to evaluate their methods and approaches too. Before applying a particular approach for their patients, psychologists must find out their values and the things they believe in. The book brings in a case study of two of the author's patients who came from sub-saharan countries, which then explains how effective an approach can be when taking the beliefs of the patients fully into account. Even though I'm not a psychologist myself, this book is gold and it gave an interesting new perspective to the realm of psychology.

  5. 5 out of 5

    Hana Bilqisthi

    i wish i read this book sooner when i was in my first year studying psychology... :) it gave a lot of thought .. and it made me realize that i am not critical enough when i am studying psychology.. i did not compare what i got with al-quran and hadith... this book is written in 1978.. and it made me wonder.. what does malik badri think about positive psychology... after reading this.. i became motivated to become part or member islamic psychology and help it grows.. but i am still finding a way to i wish i read this book sooner when i was in my first year studying psychology... :) it gave a lot of thought .. and it made me realize that i am not critical enough when i am studying psychology.. i did not compare what i got with al-quran and hadith... this book is written in 1978.. and it made me wonder.. what does malik badri think about positive psychology... after reading this.. i became motivated to become part or member islamic psychology and help it grows.. but i am still finding a way to do that,.. :))) i think this book is recommended to all muslim who learn psychology :D

  6. 5 out of 5

    Ridzuan Rosli

    Of these the theme of will to meaning, and that of existential anxiety and the encounter with nothingness are most prominent. These themes are very beautifully expounded by Viktor Frankl. He is one of the most outstanding existentially oriented psychiatrists whose works must be carefully read by all serious Muslim psychotherapists in spite of some of his religious biases — Malik Badri, The Dilemma of Muslim Psychologists (1979/2016) I unintentionally found this copy at Pelita Dhihin bookstore las Of these the theme of will to meaning, and that of existential anxiety and the encounter with nothingness are most prominent. These themes are very beautifully expounded by Viktor Frankl. He is one of the most outstanding existentially oriented psychiatrists whose works must be carefully read by all serious Muslim psychotherapists in spite of some of his religious biases — Malik Badri, The Dilemma of Muslim Psychologists (1979/2016) I unintentionally found this copy at Pelita Dhihin bookstore last year. I have known this particular book since I joined postgraduate studies, but had yet read it till recently. Everyone was talking about Malik Badri, I assumed every professor at my university knew this figure. Basically, Malik Badri is a Muslim Psychologist and have a long experience in intervention practice. Also, he has contributed as a lecturer and researcher. Why is this book is so important to Muslim psychologist? As a Registered and Licensed Counsellor under the Board of Counsellors of Malaysia, I believe every single thing need to be considered including faith and religion. As utilizing the professional etiquette, we, as a mental health practitioner must prioritize our client needs and it is subjected to adapting and changing. This book is indeed from a Muslim psychologist to another Muslim psychologist. Although it was first published in 1979, the ideas are still pertinent. A lot of topics have been discussed through this book. He penetrates the need of Muslim psychologist to consider the different cultural aspects of a Muslim regardless blindly copy in practice. A lot of topics he has discussed in this book such as B. F. Skinner and behaviorism, Aaron Beck and CBT, Carl Jung and Viktor Frankl’s religious stand and many more. Objectively, the book means to clarify the pertinent of psychoanalytic practice in Muslim world. In my personal view, I cannot rely on behavior changing based on Freud’s psychosexual theory. There is no empirical based thus far. Carl Jung hence has decided to leave Freud’s school and created his own path. Still, a lot of Muslim psychologists refuse to reconcile with Islamic values in their services. A Muslim client needs a psychology of soul treatment. That is the main different cultural aspect of a Muslim that need to be considered compared to Freud’s atheistic philosophical psychology. This is my first attempt to read this book. I definitely will reread soon as to understand more on Malik Badri’s ideas on Muslim psychologist’s needs. A good book to read for a Muslim psychologist.

  7. 4 out of 5

    Mariam Hafiz

    Not as relevant today as it was when it was written, but still useful to understand the critiques of purely behaviorist theories from an Islamic perspective. I think CBT has mostly addressed those criticisms, but even CBT practitioners and researchers can “fall into the lizard’s hole” as Dr. Badri would say.

  8. 4 out of 5

    Massood

    Although it is evident that it was written decades ago, Dr. Badri still discusses some crucial points that every Muslim psychologist should know about. This i a story about different ideologies competing with each other, trying to get our attention.

  9. 5 out of 5

    Yaqeen Sikander

    A very interesting read and a good guide for beginners who later want to be Muslim Psychologists. The book spreads on 15 chapters and 120 pages and simply explains the pitfalls of following the western psychology blindly for Muslims. It is a piece of good work and has been made as an introductory text without going into through details to burden the readers.

  10. 4 out of 5

    Hasanah

    Buku kedua Malik Badri yang dibaca. Kritikan penulis terhadap disiplin psikologi Barat sedikit terencat dengan gaya penulisan yang agak berterabur (pada hemat saya - melompat-lompat topik dan kurang kesinambungan) berbanding buku beliau 'Contemplation'. Buku kedua Malik Badri yang dibaca. Kritikan penulis terhadap disiplin psikologi Barat sedikit terencat dengan gaya penulisan yang agak berterabur (pada hemat saya - melompat-lompat topik dan kurang kesinambungan) berbanding buku beliau 'Contemplation'.

  11. 5 out of 5

    Elif Sena Ergin

    Sadece psikologların değil, batı bilimiyle uğraşan Müslümanların okumasında yarar olacak bir kitap. Dili sivri, kimini rahatsız edebilir ama rahatsız olmadan bir şeylerin değişmesini beklemek de biraz saflık olur.

  12. 5 out of 5

    Abu Kamdar

    A brief yet excellent analysis of the challenges facing Muslim psychologists with practical solutions to move forward.

  13. 5 out of 5

    Nurfaizatul Aisyah

    seringkali dalam buku ini akan selalu terjumpa ayat "lizard's hole". menurut Professor Malik, ia diambil daripada Hadis iaitu: "Kalian benar-benar akan mengikut jalan orang-orang sebelum kalian, sejengkal demi sejengkal, sehasta demi sehasta sehinggalah jika mereka masuk ke dalam lubang biawak pun kalian akan memasukinya......" apa yang dapat saya simpulkan di sini ialah, be an unapologetically Muslim. Ilmu daripada Barat itu jangan terus dicedok 100%, walaupun nyata bertentangan daripada ajaran I seringkali dalam buku ini akan selalu terjumpa ayat "lizard's hole". menurut Professor Malik, ia diambil daripada Hadis iaitu: "Kalian benar-benar akan mengikut jalan orang-orang sebelum kalian, sejengkal demi sejengkal, sehasta demi sehasta sehinggalah jika mereka masuk ke dalam lubang biawak pun kalian akan memasukinya......" apa yang dapat saya simpulkan di sini ialah, be an unapologetically Muslim. Ilmu daripada Barat itu jangan terus dicedok 100%, walaupun nyata bertentangan daripada ajaran Islam. Buku yang bagus untuk dibaca oleh pelajar psikologi, ahli Psikologi Muslim tentunya, dan sesiapa yang terlibat secara langsung ataupun tidak langsung dalam bidang ini. Bahasa yang mudah difahami. Malah kritikan oleh Professor juga untuk difikirkan oleh semua, bukan sekadar mereka yang terlibat dalam bidang psikologi sahaja. Buku ini menyoal kita sama ada kita sekarang berada dalam: 1) the phase of infatuation - terlampau teruja dengan ilmu baru (psikologi) sehingga tidak sabar untuk dipraktikkan walaupun nyata bertentangan dengan agama dan budaya 2) the phase of reconciliation: cuba untuk membina jambatan antara ilmu Barat dan Islam 3) the phase of liberation - sedar bahawa walaupun ada juga sedikit persamaan secara superfisial, ilmu Barat dan Islam sebenarnya nyata berbeza. Bacalah buku ini, anda tidak akan menyesal. follow ig: @dakumembaca

  14. 5 out of 5

    AmyraSuraya

    Thoroughly loved this book!! This book highlights the fact that educational institutions mainly expose you to contemporary modern psychology and so muslims have no other alternative of formal information and thus accept what's presented. The authors proposition to an alternative modern psychology by suggesting that just like law and finance can be subjected to a refreshing curriculum that doesn't contradict the belief of Islam. The main takeaway I got is that Muslims need to be independent and thin Thoroughly loved this book!! This book highlights the fact that educational institutions mainly expose you to contemporary modern psychology and so muslims have no other alternative of formal information and thus accept what's presented. The authors proposition to an alternative modern psychology by suggesting that just like law and finance can be subjected to a refreshing curriculum that doesn't contradict the belief of Islam. The main takeaway I got is that Muslims need to be independent and think for themselves and not to subconsciously accept whole-heartedly the ideologies of Western scholars. Just because something is accepted by society it doesn't make it right. Also the mention of common accepted practices and different perspectives on them such as co-education, sex education and parenting made me think twice about my views and what society is molding the youth to become. What I really appreciated was the listing of common behavioral tropes from Young Muslims upon beginning to learn about psychology as this book was recommended to me upon my request for an intro to psychology It's a really valuable reminder to hold onto your values and ideals and not lose them because of new contradicting knowledge. Do what sits well with you but at the same time be humble about it.

  15. 5 out of 5

    Sahal Saeed

    Very informative and relevant even in today's changing societies. For those not religious it is very relevant, as it is a peek from the outside, different perspectives, and all in all filled with experience, knowledge, grass roots and guidance. Guidance towards the purpose of life and the message from those other than Malik Badri also. This book is not a "religious" book. Neither is it "for religious clerics" alone. It is simply for those who have an interest in Psychology, or even live amongst Very informative and relevant even in today's changing societies. For those not religious it is very relevant, as it is a peek from the outside, different perspectives, and all in all filled with experience, knowledge, grass roots and guidance. Guidance towards the purpose of life and the message from those other than Malik Badri also. This book is not a "religious" book. Neither is it "for religious clerics" alone. It is simply for those who have an interest in Psychology, or even live amongst Muslims and have a keen interest as to what *Dilemmas* are differing between the psychologists of the BPS (British Psychological Society) for example, from those of the Islamic faith, who have a history within the field - before it was actually a genre of literature.

  16. 5 out of 5

    Mohd Rashidi

    Antara buku yang patut dibaca banyak kali oleh pelajar jurusan psikologi. Saya baru habis baca dan sudah mula baca kali kedua untuk mencatat nota nota penting. Malik Badri dengan kelembutan namun tetap bernada tegas menegur ahli psikologi Muslim dan juga pelajar Muslim jurusan psikologi yang sering mengikut dengan membuta tuli ideologi ideologi psikologi Barat. Dalam buku ini juga Malik Badri mengkritik aliran psikoanalisis dan menggalakkan Muslim untuk berdiri dengan idea sendiri dan bukan hany Antara buku yang patut dibaca banyak kali oleh pelajar jurusan psikologi. Saya baru habis baca dan sudah mula baca kali kedua untuk mencatat nota nota penting. Malik Badri dengan kelembutan namun tetap bernada tegas menegur ahli psikologi Muslim dan juga pelajar Muslim jurusan psikologi yang sering mengikut dengan membuta tuli ideologi ideologi psikologi Barat. Dalam buku ini juga Malik Badri mengkritik aliran psikoanalisis dan menggalakkan Muslim untuk berdiri dengan idea sendiri dan bukan hanya mengikut Barat sahaja dalam psikologi

  17. 5 out of 5

    Kübra

    This book provides a different perspective to psychologists. It also helps to remember your faith and you feel that you should and you are able to live according to your faith in various areas such as your job, science, causal life, etc. I strongly recommend this book to all psychology students if Muslims or not.

  18. 5 out of 5

    Shafiq Ahmed

    Dsoonshhajuklkl

  19. 5 out of 5

    Linah

    Should be understood in the time it was written in.

  20. 5 out of 5

    Wajeeha Khan

    Does anybody have this book in pdf?

  21. 5 out of 5

    Nur Diyana

    MasyaAllah! Powerful insights and perspectives.

  22. 5 out of 5

    Abdul-Samay Ahadi

    At first I thought the book was a little dated, but there are many useful and enlightening insights that are remarkably still relevant for today.

  23. 5 out of 5

    Dila

    Ingin membacanya

  24. 5 out of 5

    Dimas Wichaksono

    Buku yang perlu dibaca bagi akademisi dan praktisi psikologi.

  25. 4 out of 5

    Muhammad Fakhruddin

    Dua teori psikologi yang menjadi sasaran kritik beliau, psikoanalisis Freud dan behavourism (dua-dua belum baca pun). Namun dalam prakata keduanya, beliau mengakui ada perkembangan baharu dalam dunia psikologi yang beliau tidak sentuh dalam buku ini, atas permintaan ramai untuk mengekalkan kandungan asal buku ini. Satu pengembangan yang sederhana, daripada sebuah makalah hingga menjadi buku ringkas mengenai psikologi moden dan Islam.

  26. 5 out of 5

    Ananda Sevma

    Ketika mahasiswa psikologi dihadapkan pada sajian teori-teori psikologi modern (khususnya kepribadian), maka buku karya Malik Badri berhak menjadi acuan pengkritiknya. Sehingga, ketika ada mahasiswa yang menjumawakan teori tertentu, maka biarkan buku ini menyeimbangkannya.

  27. 5 out of 5

    Abdullahi Husaini

    I have not seen anything to read. The book refused to be downloaded. Only the title have been seen without the content

  28. 5 out of 5

    Ishaq Ibrahim

    Very useful book, especially for those who are interested in psychology .. I enjoyed reading it ..

  29. 4 out of 5

    Adi

    dia tuduh pengikut freud akan samalah macam masuk lubang biawak LOL

  30. 4 out of 5

    Yurisa نورهداية

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