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Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945

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Romania was the third Axis element in Europe, yet suffered some of the highest casualties of the Allied nations in the last year of the war. This account of Romania's changing allegiance and its part in World War II draws on details from the recently opened archives. Details chart: the relationships between Romania and other Axis powers; the importance of Romania to Hitler Romania was the third Axis element in Europe, yet suffered some of the highest casualties of the Allied nations in the last year of the war. This account of Romania's changing allegiance and its part in World War II draws on details from the recently opened archives. Details chart: the relationships between Romania and other Axis powers; the importance of Romania to Hitler, its operational record; the international coup d'etat and liberation; and the change to support the Allied cause. The authors also provide full coverage of the personalities, weaponry and orders of battle.


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Romania was the third Axis element in Europe, yet suffered some of the highest casualties of the Allied nations in the last year of the war. This account of Romania's changing allegiance and its part in World War II draws on details from the recently opened archives. Details chart: the relationships between Romania and other Axis powers; the importance of Romania to Hitler Romania was the third Axis element in Europe, yet suffered some of the highest casualties of the Allied nations in the last year of the war. This account of Romania's changing allegiance and its part in World War II draws on details from the recently opened archives. Details chart: the relationships between Romania and other Axis powers; the importance of Romania to Hitler, its operational record; the international coup d'etat and liberation; and the change to support the Allied cause. The authors also provide full coverage of the personalities, weaponry and orders of battle.

38 review for Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945

  1. 5 out of 5

    carl theaker

    I enjoyed this book as I've always been interested in the little countries during the war, though their stories can be difficult to find. a real accomplishment was acquiring the book. i'd read about it several yrs ago, so i put it on my used book store list and dutifully checked on it whenever. i look it up on the web and it's anywhere from $150-$250. i finally checked a copy out of the U of Texas library. some interesting insights: you tend to feel a compassion for the little guys being swept along I enjoyed this book as I've always been interested in the little countries during the war, though their stories can be difficult to find. a real accomplishment was acquiring the book. i'd read about it several yrs ago, so i put it on my used book store list and dutifully checked on it whenever. i look it up on the web and it's anywhere from $150-$250. i finally checked a copy out of the U of Texas library. some interesting insights: you tend to feel a compassion for the little guys being swept along with events and the major powers, but really they're all just looking out for the themselves just as much as the big guys. translyvannia was awarded to hungary from romania between the wars, so the romanians continually schemed to get that back. they hated the hungarians more than anyone else and bulgaria in the south had ideas, and then there's poland in the north and the soviets stole the eastern province of bessarabia. so even with the war in russia going on, romania,hungary,bulgaria who were allied w/germany, still watched and worried over their borders back home. with the conduct of war being the major item associated with hitler, it often overshadows the reminder of hitler's genius at politics; he kept the balkan countries on their toes, seeming to favor each in turn, for example, giving one country an update on their tanks, which would worry the other countries. additionally you'd think w/romanian oil being a major part of germany's petrol supply that romania would have had more say, but hitler managed to keep them in line. antonescu, the romanian leader, was one of the few to stand up to hitler in meetings and hitler respected him for that. antonescu also was a military man, so the germans found him easier to work with regarding the war. Another goal of the book is to dispute the fact that the Romanian collapse at Stalingrad was solely responsible for the pocket. Axworthy contests Guderian's outright blame, and sites a number of factors, the relative strengths of the romanians compared to other units, as well as citing times during the war where german divisions collapsed. A chapter on the Romanian navy is equally interesting. Photos, maps & charts fill the appendix.

  2. 5 out of 5

    Ray

    The history of Romania has been largely clouded and neglected by historians until after the 1990's. The Romanian's, while beginning neutral, were aligned pro allies which was unsurprising given the history of the First World War and their actions taken against the Austro-Hungarian Empire. They then are isolated upon the fall of France, forced to seed territory to the USSR and side with the Axis from 1941 to 1944. At which point, with the Russians entering Romanian Territory, they switch to an A The history of Romania has been largely clouded and neglected by historians until after the 1990's. The Romanian's, while beginning neutral, were aligned pro allies which was unsurprising given the history of the First World War and their actions taken against the Austro-Hungarian Empire. They then are isolated upon the fall of France, forced to seed territory to the USSR and side with the Axis from 1941 to 1944. At which point, with the Russians entering Romanian Territory, they switch to an Allied stance and fight with the Russians until the end of the war becoming a satellite nation of the USSR until the fall of the Soviet Union. Given this convoluted history, their story has largely been neglected. Mark Axworthy takes great pains to address this whole in history. If you would like to read about the Romanian contribution and actions during the Second World War this is the defining work. From the political implications of the alliance with Germany. The operations that occurred on the Eastern Front, Odessa, Sevastopol, Stalingrad, and the defenses of the Balkans in 1944. The Romanian contribution, land, sea, and air, was significant to Germany. In the initial invasion of Barbarossa, 3.2 million Germans invaded, but the allies contributed over 1 million additional troops, and Romania was the greatest contributor of the German Allies and one that is often overlooked. A great book on a neglected topic.

  3. 5 out of 5

    Bill

  4. 4 out of 5

    Kelly

  5. 4 out of 5

    Lawrence

  6. 5 out of 5

    Demetrius James

  7. 5 out of 5

    Ryan Argent

  8. 5 out of 5

    Alex

  9. 5 out of 5

    Christopher

  10. 4 out of 5

    george hermann

  11. 5 out of 5

    Mihai

  12. 4 out of 5

    Rick

  13. 4 out of 5

    Brian Edwards

  14. 5 out of 5

    Cris Radu

  15. 5 out of 5

    Tim

  16. 4 out of 5

    Coby R

  17. 5 out of 5

    Alex Tas

  18. 4 out of 5

    James Wallbank

  19. 4 out of 5

    Brian

  20. 5 out of 5

    Brian Collins

  21. 4 out of 5

    Kris

  22. 4 out of 5

    Kyle Worlitz

  23. 4 out of 5

    Wikimedia Italia

  24. 5 out of 5

    Duicug

  25. 4 out of 5

    Simon

  26. 4 out of 5

    Anna

  27. 4 out of 5

    Eadweard

  28. 4 out of 5

    Jacob Wolinsky

  29. 4 out of 5

    John Somers

  30. 5 out of 5

    AskHistorians

  31. 5 out of 5

    Alin

  32. 4 out of 5

    Jerome

  33. 4 out of 5

    Dimitri

  34. 5 out of 5

    Michal

  35. 4 out of 5

    Krokko Krok

  36. 4 out of 5

    Nicholas Smith

  37. 4 out of 5

    Alexandru

  38. 5 out of 5

    Abby

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