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Your every significant choice -- every important decision you make -- is determined by a force operating deep inside your mind: your perspective on time -- your internal, personal time zone. This is the most influential force in your life, yet you are virtually unaware of it. Once you become aware of your personal time zone, you can begin to see and manage your life in exc Your every significant choice -- every important decision you make -- is determined by a force operating deep inside your mind: your perspective on time -- your internal, personal time zone. This is the most influential force in your life, yet you are virtually unaware of it. Once you become aware of your personal time zone, you can begin to see and manage your life in exciting new ways. In The Time Paradox, Drs. Zimbardo and Boyd draw on thirty years of pioneering research to reveal, for the first time, how your individual time perspective shapes your life and is shaped by the world around you. Further, they demonstrate that your and every other individual's time zones interact to create national cultures, economics, and personal destinies. You will discover what time zone you live in through Drs. Zimbardo and Boyd's revolutionary tests. Ask yourself: • Does the smell of fresh-baked cookies bring you back to your childhood? • Do you believe that nothing will ever change in your world? • Do you believe that the present encompasses all and the future and past are mere abstractions? • Do you wear a watch, balance your checkbook, and make to-do lists -- every day? • Do you believe that life on earth is merely preparation for life after death? • Do you ruminate over failed relationships? • Are you the life of every party -- always late, always laughing, and always broke? These statements are representative of the seven most common ways people relate to time, each of which, in its extreme, creates benefits and pitfalls. The Time Paradox is a practical plan for optimizing your blend of time perspectives so you get the utmost out of every minute in your personal and professional life as well as a fascinating commentary about the power and paradoxes of time in the modern world. No matter your time perspective, you experience these paradoxes. Only by understanding this new psychological science of time zones will you be able to overcome the mental biases that keep you too attached to the past, too focused on immediate gratification, or unhealthily obsessed with future goals. Time passes no matter what you do -- it's up to you to spend it wisely and enjoy it well. Here's how.


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Your every significant choice -- every important decision you make -- is determined by a force operating deep inside your mind: your perspective on time -- your internal, personal time zone. This is the most influential force in your life, yet you are virtually unaware of it. Once you become aware of your personal time zone, you can begin to see and manage your life in exc Your every significant choice -- every important decision you make -- is determined by a force operating deep inside your mind: your perspective on time -- your internal, personal time zone. This is the most influential force in your life, yet you are virtually unaware of it. Once you become aware of your personal time zone, you can begin to see and manage your life in exciting new ways. In The Time Paradox, Drs. Zimbardo and Boyd draw on thirty years of pioneering research to reveal, for the first time, how your individual time perspective shapes your life and is shaped by the world around you. Further, they demonstrate that your and every other individual's time zones interact to create national cultures, economics, and personal destinies. You will discover what time zone you live in through Drs. Zimbardo and Boyd's revolutionary tests. Ask yourself: • Does the smell of fresh-baked cookies bring you back to your childhood? • Do you believe that nothing will ever change in your world? • Do you believe that the present encompasses all and the future and past are mere abstractions? • Do you wear a watch, balance your checkbook, and make to-do lists -- every day? • Do you believe that life on earth is merely preparation for life after death? • Do you ruminate over failed relationships? • Are you the life of every party -- always late, always laughing, and always broke? These statements are representative of the seven most common ways people relate to time, each of which, in its extreme, creates benefits and pitfalls. The Time Paradox is a practical plan for optimizing your blend of time perspectives so you get the utmost out of every minute in your personal and professional life as well as a fascinating commentary about the power and paradoxes of time in the modern world. No matter your time perspective, you experience these paradoxes. Only by understanding this new psychological science of time zones will you be able to overcome the mental biases that keep you too attached to the past, too focused on immediate gratification, or unhealthily obsessed with future goals. Time passes no matter what you do -- it's up to you to spend it wisely and enjoy it well. Here's how.

30 review for The Time Paradox: The New Psychology of Time That Will Change Your Life

  1. 5 out of 5

    Nicky

    I read this last week or so, before the terrible events in Paris. At the time I thought of it as a self-helpy kind of book, with some relevant psychology; I picked it up because I’d watched some interviews with Philip Zimbardo about the Stanford Prison Experiment, which has always been fascinating to me. I wanted to see more of his work, I guess; get a feel for how a respected psychologist could create a situation which was so evil and not notice it without outside help, get a feel for what work I read this last week or so, before the terrible events in Paris. At the time I thought of it as a self-helpy kind of book, with some relevant psychology; I picked it up because I’d watched some interviews with Philip Zimbardo about the Stanford Prison Experiment, which has always been fascinating to me. I wanted to see more of his work, I guess; get a feel for how a respected psychologist could create a situation which was so evil and not notice it without outside help, get a feel for what work he’s done aside from that. This is pretty far from all of that, though at times insights from that situation do come up when it comes to time perspectives. Which is what I’ve taken away from this book most: time perspectives. There are several: past-negative, past-positive, present-fatalistic, present-hedonistic, future. And why has this stuck with me? Well, because there is a whole section on terrorist attacks and the explanations in terms of time perspective, which adds one more option (transcendental-future) and gives something of an answer to the issue, and it stuck in my head because of the attacks on Charlie Hebdo, stirring up reminders of 11/7/2005 and 9/11. Here’s a section: Since the future is our primary motivational space, destroying a person’s expectations of the future can substantially undermine motivation. [Example of WWII, in which the Axis had solid future goals, which the Allies then destroyed; this eroded the Axis powers’ motivation and led to them losing the war.] This will not be the case with the current war on terror. We now face an enemy whose visions of the mundane future lie smouldering in the ruins of Palestine, Afghanistan, and Iraq. This enemy’s remaining hope lies squarely in the transcendental future. As we have seen, there is no way to prove, disprove, or destroy belief in the transcendental future. Fighting an adversary with strong transcendental-future goals by destroying its mundane future goals ensures that transcendental-future goals alone are obtainable. We will win the war on terror not by destroying our enemy’s future but by nurturing it. The motivational power of the mundane future must be restored if mundane future goals are to compete with transcendental future goals. Only by building a mundane future full of hope, optimism, respect, health, and prosperity can the motivational power of the transcendental future be balanced. Without mundane future goals, Muslims have little desire left to preserve this life and, understandably, look to the transcendental future to realise their dreams. There are parts I’m uncomfortable with here, mostly the fact that they’re still talking about the “war on terror”, without even any scare quotes, like this is something we can/should be seeing as a war. The automatic identification of people with this time perspective as Muslim. But there’s sense here too: the goal of terrorism is to cause fear, which any Yoda will tell you leads to hate, and to suffering. And by doing this, people who commit terrorist acts, particularly if they sacrifice themselves, believe themselves to be attaining a better future for themselves and their families. How can we fight that by making the present worse? By going along with that fear and hate, perpetuating a cycle? Right now, I wish I could set up a dozen think tanks and set them this book to read, with that chapter particularly highlighted for discussion. Let them all come up with ways to improve the present for the susceptible population, rather than punishing them for crimes committed by people already dead, or for crimes not yet committed. All of that only increases the appeal of a transcendental-future orientation. Most of the psychology of time perspectives I’ve learned here I’m applying not to myself, but to people around me; identifying behaviours and motivations, working out how to adjust my reactions to people based on what they orientate themselves on. I thought it’d be a light pop psychology read, probably a bit too light because of the self-help-y vibes I got from it. But now I’m thinking about this and I can’t stop, especially as more and more commentary flows in (do we assign blame to Charlie Hebdo, how far do we allow free speech, is it apologism to point out root causes…) I know I’m going to be looking out for Kiva loans in areas low in mundane future, looking for charities that do aid work in places we’ve devastated, looking for my own small ways to address the damage that’s been done, particularly in the name of the war on terror. And I’m going to be talking about this book.

  2. 5 out of 5

    Supratim

    Review to come soon!

  3. 5 out of 5

    Marc

    Timeperspective reductionism I hate self-help books. How is it possible that I have been tempted to read this book? Right from the start I felt like closing it, especially after reading this sentence: “We will first help you identify your personal time perspectives and then we will offer you exercises designed to expand your time orientation and help you make the most or your precious time". Jesus, how is it possible that someone can be so naïeve as to think that you can change your life just by Timeperspective reductionism I hate self-help books. How is it possible that I have been tempted to read this book? Right from the start I felt like closing it, especially after reading this sentence: “We will first help you identify your personal time perspectives and then we will offer you exercises designed to expand your time orientation and help you make the most or your precious time". Jesus, how is it possible that someone can be so naïeve as to think that you can change your life just by using your time perspective differently? And yet I kept on reading, because of course, the analysis of time perspectives and the role these play in a man/woman's life is not completely unsound. But I have to admit that I lost my nerves towards the end, in the really 'live-changing' therapeutic part. See my review in my Sense-of-History account at Goodreads: https://www.goodreads.com/review/show...

  4. 4 out of 5

    Carrie

    I was looking for the positive antidote to Zimbardo's Lucifer effect, and since I'm a chronic procrastinator with ballooning anxiety issues, I figured unraveling the time paradox so as to change my life wouldn't be a bad place to start. Problem is, the book never really got going. I kept waiting for that big ah-hah, but instead I got some fairly common-sense ideas about how to have a positive outlook on time. I did learn a couple things - some about time and some about myself. (1) A past-negative I was looking for the positive antidote to Zimbardo's Lucifer effect, and since I'm a chronic procrastinator with ballooning anxiety issues, I figured unraveling the time paradox so as to change my life wouldn't be a bad place to start. Problem is, the book never really got going. I kept waiting for that big ah-hah, but instead I got some fairly common-sense ideas about how to have a positive outlook on time. I did learn a couple things - some about time and some about myself. (1) A past-negative perspective is an unhealthy time perspective. I've recently had a shift towards a more negative perspective of my past, so I found Phil's advice that I find something to learn from the negative experience and get over it helpful. (2) Another way to gain a strong past-positive perspective is to keep daily gratitude lists. I imagine this is an idea that predates psychology by a few thousand years, but I still found it useful. Depending on who you are, there may be a few other nuggets in here, but if you're going to go looking, I suggest you do just that: look for nuggets. Don't go in reading every word and completing each exercise in anxious anticipation of The New Psychology of Time That Will Change Your Life.

  5. 5 out of 5

    Merilee

    I was very disappointed w this book. I really liked The Lucifer Effect but this book really seems to have very little that wasn't obvious.

  6. 4 out of 5

    Lauren

    I quite enjoyed reading this book, so if a star-rating is an attempt to reflect the reading experience I'd be forced to give it five our of five. However, I feel I ought to talk more about the merits and faults of the book itself, which ends up falling squarely at the "eh" point on the meter. When I first heard that the famed Philip Zimbardo was tackling the subject of time in psychology, I was so excited that I stayed up late one night listening to hour-long lectures on the internet and immediat I quite enjoyed reading this book, so if a star-rating is an attempt to reflect the reading experience I'd be forced to give it five our of five. However, I feel I ought to talk more about the merits and faults of the book itself, which ends up falling squarely at the "eh" point on the meter. When I first heard that the famed Philip Zimbardo was tackling the subject of time in psychology, I was so excited that I stayed up late one night listening to hour-long lectures on the internet and immediately added this book to my purchase queue (I'm a dork, I know). Partly as a result of this and partly due to my scientific disposition, I was more than a little disappointed with this book when it came time to actually read through it. Its main issue is that, while the book is thoroughly grounded in the actual science of psychology (insofar as psychology can be said to be a proper science), it is written and constructed in such a way as to read much more like one of those dreaded and rightfully derided self-help books. I was a bit surprised not see an endorsement by Oprah. However, this in itself is not enough for the book to fail as an enterprise. Despite my disdain for the genre, I am nowhere near close-minded enough to write something off simply because it makes use of conventions which do not appeal to me. What let me finally dismiss this was the fault in the science itself. I do not know enough about the actual experimentation that resulted in many of the statistics and analyses in the book itself, so I sadly cannot speak as to how research into this book's central topic can be improved. This is unfortunate, as I think the topic itself is fascinating, however flawed the conclusions of the book might be. My issue with the science of the book, however, lies with its transparent and largely unaddressed bias. I laud the authors' inclusion of the Holistic Present as an experience worth addressing, but so much of the rest of the book shows if not an ignorance of cultures outside the authors' then at least an offhand dismissal of them. The authors associate being religious with a high tendency toward the transcendental future, something that applies only to the Abrahammic religions and even then only to the mainstream interpretations thereof. They isolate Buddhism as worth examining (an excellent idea) but lump Hinduism and all Chinese religions into a vast and nebulous "other" category. I understand if this is due to the statistical sample used for the development of this theory, but if that's the case then they really should have pursued broadening such data to refine their theory long before going so far as to publish a pop-science book about it. Furthermore, even within the religious and cultural paradigm that the authors grew up in (white, wealthy, Christian, western countries), oversimplifications of subcultural distinctions abound. For instance, Zimbardo (being of Italian descent) briefly examines the differences between southern and northern Italy, and offers a disturbingly simplistic view on this complex relationship. He does something similar with the economic differences between dominantly Catholic and dominantly Protestant countries, which feels almost like stereotyping. Perhaps worst of all, though, is a much more personal type of bias that displays itself throughout the book: a time-perspective bias. While the authors spend some time addressing its negative influences (surely anticipating this particular criticism), the vast majority of the book makes the Future time-perspective (specifically the "planner" archetype) look like the Philosopher's Stone of modern psychology. Extensive lengths of text are devoted to the ways in which "Futures" are superior to the rest of us, and how we can all be more like them. I have never in my life been less shocked by a twist than when the authors reveal their own time-perspective profiles and they are astoundingly close to what the book portrays as the "ideal" balance. I must admit, at this point, that much of the data displayed in the book supports these conclusions. In fact, the authors are excellently deft at backing up their assertions with the results of experiments or research they've conducted. This is admirable. However, I cannot help but to be conclusion-shatteringly skeptical of any result so clear-cut and so seemingly advantageous. "Oh, look at that," one might say after an experiment, "it just so happens that we're perfect." This is something that any decent scientist should immediately find suspect. All that said, I did quite enjoy reading this book. This is one of the few books I've ever read that demands to be written in. I don't just mean because of all the little puzzles and exercises the authors throw at you, either. There are also just many sections in which you'll find a result so completely counterintuitive, a statement so spurious and ripe for mocking, or a test that begs to be performed on your friends that you'll want to whip out a pen and annotate the whole book. This is what I did, something I have never done with any other book before or since, and I don't regret it. I would say that those interested in time as a subject or modern psychology as a discipline would do well to read this book, but I offer this recommendation with two substantial caveats. The first is that any reader would be well-advised to enter this book in a very skeptical mindset, and the second is that anyone reading this book ought to have a pen at hand. Don't be squeamish about writing in it. It's the best way to do this. Those who are easily swayed in their opinion by lots of numbers or simple conviction should stay away. Regardless, I hope the authors and their many colleagues continue to do follow-up research on this subject, both to see if these ideas hold up to deeper inspection, and also simply to gain greater insight into the human experience.

  7. 4 out of 5

    Sense Of History

    Zimbardo and Boyd are academically active psychologists of some renown. This book about different time perspectives of people is based on decades of experimental experience. So they know what they are talking about. Zimbardo and Boyd start from the observation that each of us experiences time in a special way. “Time perspective is the often nonconscious personal attitude that each of us holds toward time and the process whereby the continual flow of existence is bundled into time categories that Zimbardo and Boyd are academically active psychologists of some renown. This book about different time perspectives of people is based on decades of experimental experience. So they know what they are talking about. Zimbardo and Boyd start from the observation that each of us experiences time in a special way. “Time perspective is the often nonconscious personal attitude that each of us holds toward time and the process whereby the continual flow of existence is bundled into time categories that help to give order, coherence, and meaning to our lives”. There is nothing wrong with that, nor with the observation that the experience of time perspectives has an essential impact on human existence. But, on the basis of their own experiments and those of others, Zimbardo and Boyd dare to draw rather far-reaching conclusions: “Future-oriented people tend to be more successful professionally and academically, to eat well, to exercise regularly, and to schedule preventive doctor’s exams. In general, present-oriented people are more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior, to gamble, and to use drugs and alcohol than future-oriented people are. They are also less likely to exercise, to eat well, and to engage in preventive health practices such as flossing their teeth and getting regular doctor exams. The situation is more complicated when we consider people whose primary time perspective is the past. For some, the past is filled with positive memories of family rituals, successes, and pleasures. For others, the past is filled with negative memories, a museum of torments, failures, and regrets. These divergent attitudes toward the past play dramatic roles in daily decisions because they become binding frames of reference that are carried in the minds of those with positive or negative past views.” Zimbardo and Boyd ultimately distinguish 7 categories of people, depending on their time perspective: Past-negative, Past-positive, Present-fatalistic, Present-hedonistic, Future, Transcendental-future and holistic present. That all sounds fairly coherent and acceptable (though perhaps a bit too graphic), but Zimbardo and Boyd turn those time perspectives into the decisive indicators of human action, and things go wrong there, because that is pure reductionism. It gets even worse because they do not limit themselves to analysis, but take it one step further and argue that you can manipulate your time perspective: “how you spend today determines both your past and your future, so when you have control over your present, you can control your past and your future. In fact, you can reinterpret and rewrite your personal past, which can give you a greater sense of control over the future.” In other words, you can ‘reset’ your time perspective, and the authors propose a flexible use of time as an ideal: “A balanced time perspective will allow you to flexibly shift from past to present to future in response to the demands of the situation facing you so that you can make optimal decisions.” In practice, the authors seem to express a clear preference for a positive future perspective. Ha! What a big surprise is that! (my apologies for my sarcasm). Here I quit, this is normative, patronizing, and gives the false hope that people can substantially change their lives. I do not follow this too simplistic voluntarism, based on tips and tricks. Actually, this book was completely in line with that of Victor Frankl. Man's Search for Meaning, and the ‘logotherapy’ he developed in the 1950’s en 1960’s, so it wasn't very original. As an antidote, I can only recommend David Lowenthal's book. The Past is a Foreign Country - Revisited (revised edition, 2015). That may be a bit more chaotic-descriptive, but it does not give people any false hopes.

  8. 5 out of 5

    Mag

    Each one of us has a different relationship to the present, past and future. We may be classified as predominantly: present, past or future oriented. Then this orientation may be fatalistic or positive. Most of us are mixtures of the above, but we all seem to have a dominant tendency. For the record, futures are the healthiest, presents most inclined to be late or take drugs, and pasts (fatalistic) to be stuck in life and depressed. The new Zimbardo-Boyd book is a crossover of a popular science Each one of us has a different relationship to the present, past and future. We may be classified as predominantly: present, past or future oriented. Then this orientation may be fatalistic or positive. Most of us are mixtures of the above, but we all seem to have a dominant tendency. For the record, futures are the healthiest, presents most inclined to be late or take drugs, and pasts (fatalistic) to be stuck in life and depressed. The new Zimbardo-Boyd book is a crossover of a popular science book and self help manual. It discusses what a healthy balance is, offers inventories to check what orientation the reader predominantly has and then strategies to change unhealthy tendencies. Even though this book was far from the promise of changing my life, there were some things that I enjoyed there: Time inventories were fun. False memories were revisited- there is a lot of research pointing to the fact that memories can be both implanted (with apparently little effort) and recovered. The caveat with those is that both true and false memories can be recovered. An analysis of a suicide bomber was quite interesting as well, even though it was obvious enough, just clad in a different lingo. 3.5/5

  9. 4 out of 5

    Ashley

    For those who have studied psychology as an undergraduate or graduate student, you know Zimbardo, and probably from peer-reviewed journals. This book is a nice gift to the mass market. Zimbardo attempts to write in a way that is digestible to the general public, but certainly the scientist in him shows. I find his work fascinating. The use of individuals' time perspectives to describe their abilities to understand, engage in, and respond to problems, both at the individual and societal levels, i For those who have studied psychology as an undergraduate or graduate student, you know Zimbardo, and probably from peer-reviewed journals. This book is a nice gift to the mass market. Zimbardo attempts to write in a way that is digestible to the general public, but certainly the scientist in him shows. I find his work fascinating. The use of individuals' time perspectives to describe their abilities to understand, engage in, and respond to problems, both at the individual and societal levels, is simply interesting. He offers analysis of some rather intense problems, such as describing the possible orientation of suicide bombers, among many other situations by which we are all bothered. I also like the appeal to the mental health field. Zimbardo presents research on happiness and how to improve, using the concepts of time perspective, your overall well-being.

  10. 4 out of 5

    Book Calendar

    The Time Paradox The New Psychology of Time That Will Change Your Life by Philip Zimbardo and John Boyd This book is about changing your perspective on time. It focuses on different views of the past, present, and future. The basic views discussed are Past-negative, Past-positive, Present-fatalistic, Present-hedonistic, Future, and Transcendental future. This is an organization schema which I find interesting, but a bit contrived. The authors claim that having an overly present view of time can le The Time Paradox The New Psychology of Time That Will Change Your Life by Philip Zimbardo and John Boyd This book is about changing your perspective on time. It focuses on different views of the past, present, and future. The basic views discussed are Past-negative, Past-positive, Present-fatalistic, Present-hedonistic, Future, and Transcendental future. This is an organization schema which I find interesting, but a bit contrived. The authors claim that having an overly present view of time can lead to hedonism and low impulse control, having a negative view of the past can create depression and stress, having an overly future orientation can limit your enjoyment of the present. Their goal is to help a person have a more balanced view of time. They claim that time is your most valuable asset because it cannot be recovered. I liked the idea of a Transcendental future viewpoint, a view that there is more to this world than our current life time, either in the religious or philosophical sense leads to greater happiness. People who believe in god, religion, or have a clear positive philosophy tend to live better lives. This includes ideas like environmentalism, ethics, and a world view embracing hope. This book does not tell you how to manage your time. It helps you think about and unveil what your own viewpoints on time are. The authors give several questionnaires and exercises to make you think about planning for the future, how you see your place in time, creating goals, and have an inventory on time to complete; the ZPTI (Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory). This book is written for a general audience. It is a popular psychology title. There is an extensive bibliography and index. I enjoyed reading it. There was quite a bit to think about.

  11. 5 out of 5

    Library Journal magazine

    Managing Editor Heather McCormack has noticed the increasing sophistication of the self-help genre: "Zimbardo's book goes beyond the usual do-this, not-that approach to incorporate actual science on improving one's life." What can explain the behavior of suicide bombers, successful investors, and depressives? According to psychologists Zimbardo (emeritus, Stanford Univ.; The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil) and Boyd (director of research, Yahoo!), it’s their attitude regar Managing Editor Heather McCormack has noticed the increasing sophistication of the self-help genre: "Zimbardo's book goes beyond the usual do-this, not-that approach to incorporate actual science on improving one's life." What can explain the behavior of suicide bombers, successful investors, and depressives? According to psychologists Zimbardo (emeritus, Stanford Univ.; The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil) and Boyd (director of research, Yahoo!), it’s their attitude regarding time—past, present, and future. Here, Zimbardo, a past president of the American Psychological Association renowned for his 1971 Stanford Prison Experiments, and research partner Boyd describe six major time perspectives. Through a questionnaire called the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, readers can determine whether they are primarily driven by concerns with the past, the present, or the future as well as whether they view each time period positively or negatively and how that perspective might be influencing their behavior. The authors further explore what has been learned to date about how to achieve a set of perspectives that seems most likely to help people become happy and successful. So little self-help material based on real science is published that, when something like this comes along, we owe it to our patrons to make sure it is readily available. For all public and most academic libraries.—Mary Ann Hughes, Neill P.L., Pullman, WA

  12. 4 out of 5

    Brandy

    What a fascinating book! I learned to see time management in an entirely new way. Rather than a "how to fix this problem" book, the authors explain how our perception of time affects how we live as individuals and how members of entire cultures view and interact with each other based on perception of time. In addition to helping readers see how to recognize the value of time, the authors discuss the best ways for readers to get the most out of the time they have, based on the individual's time p What a fascinating book! I learned to see time management in an entirely new way. Rather than a "how to fix this problem" book, the authors explain how our perception of time affects how we live as individuals and how members of entire cultures view and interact with each other based on perception of time. In addition to helping readers see how to recognize the value of time, the authors discuss the best ways for readers to get the most out of the time they have, based on the individual's time perspective. I particularly enjoyed reading about time perspective regarding how it relates to suicide bombers and terrorism, the low success rate of youth drug use prevention programs, political campaigning and the success/failure of recipients of public assistance. I recommend watching Phil Zimbardo's presentation at Google on YouTube. This is one of those books I wish government leaders would read as a way to come up with solutions.

  13. 5 out of 5

    Robert

    The recommendation here, based on extensive research, is to increase your self-awareness and enjoyment of life by cultivating a combination of positive recollection and re-framing of your past (past- positive), a healthy enjoyment of the present (present hedonism) and a wise investment of future-oriented time perspective. Counterproductive time perspectives (like past negative and present fatalism) left unattended will probably continue to shape your life negatively. The simple remedy offered her The recommendation here, based on extensive research, is to increase your self-awareness and enjoyment of life by cultivating a combination of positive recollection and re-framing of your past (past- positive), a healthy enjoyment of the present (present hedonism) and a wise investment of future-oriented time perspective. Counterproductive time perspectives (like past negative and present fatalism) left unattended will probably continue to shape your life negatively. The simple remedy offered here is to consider cultivating and consistently developing those time-perspectives which offer positive rewards for past, present and future, while discarding, re-framing and transforming the rest. 'Present holism' is mentioned which transcends and unites all these time perspectives but no great advice is offered on its cultivation. I think this book does a good job of simply making us self-aware.

  14. 5 out of 5

    May Ling

    Admittedly part of the reason the rating is so low is that I expected something academically more. This book is more of a self help than a treatise on time constraints and more a discussion of how different types of people think about time. It's not quite self-help and not quite enough to make you feel like you got something truly cerebral and life changing. That said, it is an interesting framework to help a person realize there are multiple ways of looking at the same sort of thing called life Admittedly part of the reason the rating is so low is that I expected something academically more. This book is more of a self help than a treatise on time constraints and more a discussion of how different types of people think about time. It's not quite self-help and not quite enough to make you feel like you got something truly cerebral and life changing. That said, it is an interesting framework to help a person realize there are multiple ways of looking at the same sort of thing called life. The book identifies six major ways of thinking about time, that coexist within society. Past-Negative Time Perspective - Present Hedonistic Time Perspective The Future Time Perspective Past Positive Time Perspective Present Fatalistic Time Perspective Transcendental Futuristic Time Perspective The book then focuses on the positive characteristics of the Future Time perspective while casting the others primarily in negative light. While I can appreciate what the book is hoping to convey, I know of few people that do not experience only one way of thinking about time throughout their life. It seems more the case that people vary from The Future Time perspective to any one of the others depending on what is going on their lives and the energy they carry around them. I also am not quite comfortable with the religious divisions the author comes out with. While spiritual beliefs might lead toward a tendency toward more than one perspective on a survey, the characteristics that follow as a result seem to be a bit of a fetch. Indeed, if anything,were he to be truly scientific in methodology, he would need to adjust for religious predisposition before then evaluating these attributes. Consider, futuristic people are those that go to college, meet goals requiring large amounts of time, and are more successful. He marks Buddhists far lower in this trait. That's just silly. Religion has huge racial bias! Trading money for time, seems the focus on this book and the author spends a lot of time on this topic. However, there are so many more important relationships that people have with time that go completely unaddressed by this book (Quality of time, making your actions independent of perception of time, etc). I would have liked to see more or more novelty. For an author able to write a bestseller, the expectations are higher. Hence 3.5 stars.

  15. 4 out of 5

    Amanda

    I often think about time, how it's a currency more valuable than money (an idea the authors confirmed for me!), how often people abuse and waste time, how sad it makes me to hear people wish time would pass by quickly when faced with boredom or something unpleasant...it's like wishing your life away. But I'm off topic. This book--especially the first half--is fascinating. I never considered how each person has a dominant time frame and how this perspective influences every decision in life. I th I often think about time, how it's a currency more valuable than money (an idea the authors confirmed for me!), how often people abuse and waste time, how sad it makes me to hear people wish time would pass by quickly when faced with boredom or something unpleasant...it's like wishing your life away. But I'm off topic. This book--especially the first half--is fascinating. I never considered how each person has a dominant time frame and how this perspective influences every decision in life. I thought I'd definitely have a future perspective, but it turns out that I'm past positive with future right behind. I got worried until I found out past positive with future perspective in second place is the ideal mix for success and happiness in 21st century America! But enough self-congratulation...things are so fast paced these days, and this book provides great insight into how you live your life. I lived in New York City when I picked this up and was about to head back to Pennsylvania in part because I wanted a saner pace of life. I always believed that life in NYC was so turbo paced that it chipped away at people's humanity, mine included. And I was right! Boston, New York, and other northeastern cities lead the list as the fastest cities in America...Consistent with the findings of the Good Samaritan research, Levine found that in general, cities with the fastest pace of life were the least helpful. New York, New York, ranked third in terms of pace of life, was rated the least helpful city in America. Reading this put into words what I had long suspected and made me see my decision to move as an attempt to have a more healthy relationship with time. There are lots of other interesting points made in the book, but they are almost exclusively in the first half. The authors take strange detours in the second half, expounding on how to save for retirement and how to age gracefully. The first half is much more philosophical and idea-oriented and less preachy. Pay closer attention to the first half.

  16. 4 out of 5

    Dana

    This book required a lot of TIME to read - I have been reading it for months! Yet I found it worthwhile enough to keep going and I am glad I did - some of the thoughts really did "change my life" as the authors claimed. It helped me to better understand my own personality type and how that may complement/conflict with other people. I also realize that my personality and time perspective are changing as I get older - and that is a good thing. Here are some key points I took away: 1) "What you are, This book required a lot of TIME to read - I have been reading it for months! Yet I found it worthwhile enough to keep going and I am glad I did - some of the thoughts really did "change my life" as the authors claimed. It helped me to better understand my own personality type and how that may complement/conflict with other people. I also realize that my personality and time perspective are changing as I get older - and that is a good thing. Here are some key points I took away: 1) "What you are, they once were. What they are, you will be." Inscription found in a Roman Church beside the Crypt of the Capuchin Monks. Don't fret so much - it really doesn't matter in the end... 2) Time is our most valuable "possession" - don't feel obligated to just give it away - i.e.have the strength to spend your time in the ways you really want...value your time for yourself/family/close friends 3) Future Time Perspectives should be moderated somewhat to enjoy the present... 4) Find the Good in the Past and focus on that - otherwise you will punish yourself for no good reason - So we all have the choice of taking the High Road or the Low Road - I am going to try and laugh stuff off more - and I fully realize that Paxil also helps!! 5) "We will win the war on terror not by destroying our enemy's future but by nurturing it."

  17. 5 out of 5

    Jennifer

    Really solid theory and research on our perspectives of time and what that entails (or at least implies), from its links to personality traits to explanations for suicide terrorism. As a psychology student, this was the perfect balance for me to learn the proper psychology while still being relatively easy to read/understand. I am a little surprised by the lukewarm reviews, but it seems most came into the book with certain expectations because of the cover or Zimbardo's name/fame. This is NOT a s Really solid theory and research on our perspectives of time and what that entails (or at least implies), from its links to personality traits to explanations for suicide terrorism. As a psychology student, this was the perfect balance for me to learn the proper psychology while still being relatively easy to read/understand. I am a little surprised by the lukewarm reviews, but it seems most came into the book with certain expectations because of the cover or Zimbardo's name/fame. This is NOT a self-help book, although it does have helpful things and may be just what some people need (myself included, hopefully). This is NOT a 'scholarly work' (ie academia-only), although the arguments and research ARE impressively solid and rigorous. It is a framework through which new and classic studies have been reinterpreted in terms of the psychology of time-- a very condensed summary of decades of research. It's pretty much a (very decent) starter to the entire field.

  18. 4 out of 5

    Marie

    "Yahoo searches sex 1 billion, money 3 billion, time 7 billion." "Time perspective is personal attitude which gives order, coherence and meaning to our lives." "What individuals believe happened in the past influences their present thoughts, feelings and behavior more than what did happen." "Small changes have big consequences." "People live their lives based on what they believe to be true." "People for whom time is passing too quickly tend to feel that they need to do everything all at once." "Peopl "Yahoo searches sex 1 billion, money 3 billion, time 7 billion." "Time perspective is personal attitude which gives order, coherence and meaning to our lives." "What individuals believe happened in the past influences their present thoughts, feelings and behavior more than what did happen." "Small changes have big consequences." "People live their lives based on what they believe to be true." "People for whom time is passing too quickly tend to feel that they need to do everything all at once." "People for whom time passes too slowly feel that they are stuck in the present." "Delayed gratification and impulse control are two superior social and emotional skills." "Stop thinking of the world as divided into black or white. Think gray."

  19. 5 out of 5

    Michelle

    This review has been moved to: http://bit.ly/Z2lIj5 This review has been moved to: http://bit.ly/Z2lIj5

  20. 4 out of 5

    Belal Al Droubi

    i'd give the book 3.5 but i couldn't honestly this is a good book. i definitely enjoyed reading it. the first half is great,filled with knowledge, science facts, statistics and experiments on psychology and how time perspective influences our behavior,personality and personal success unfortunately the second half is horrendously written and its nothing but random stories and opinions from the authors in which they attempt to "put the science into action" and "assist you to improve your time perspect i'd give the book 3.5 but i couldn't honestly this is a good book. i definitely enjoyed reading it. the first half is great,filled with knowledge, science facts, statistics and experiments on psychology and how time perspective influences our behavior,personality and personal success unfortunately the second half is horrendously written and its nothing but random stories and opinions from the authors in which they attempt to "put the science into action" and "assist you to improve your time perspective" the book really helped me to understand why people are different from me and why i dont get along with people much, and it also helped me understand people better and know their strengths and weaknesses. but be careful.this book doesn't offer anything which will directly help you be more productive or more successful in using your time (so its not life-changing lol) but it will definitely change your behavior (at least a little bit) to the better by being more conscious and self-aware about your behavior and time perspectives and the consequences of such concepts. BOTTOM LINE: its a good which i would read again-but its not life changing as promised

  21. 4 out of 5

    V Janse

    Zimbardo and Boyd use research to present their ideas of time, but more specifically our perception of it. They propose that our present perception can be divided into different categories namely the past, present, future and transcendental future. People either score high or low in each category, which supposedly explains their behaviours, thoughts and feelings. It is an interesting take on the possible reasons why people act in certain ways, however this cannot fully account for all the factor Zimbardo and Boyd use research to present their ideas of time, but more specifically our perception of it. They propose that our present perception can be divided into different categories namely the past, present, future and transcendental future. People either score high or low in each category, which supposedly explains their behaviours, thoughts and feelings. It is an interesting take on the possible reasons why people act in certain ways, however this cannot fully account for all the factors involved. What is great about the book is the helpful tips and numerous quotes, passages and proverbs dedicated to time. The authors also advocate a positive and balanced outlook across all 4 time categories which is conducive to living a happy and fulfilling life. A good read for those curious about time.

  22. 5 out of 5

    Jenn

    The idea that people have different time perspectives that affect outcomes in life was new to me but makes sense. This is possibly a more useful way to categorize people than the various personality tests that are more familiar.

  23. 5 out of 5

    Wendy G

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. Not what I was expecting but some interesting insights about how our perception of time can affect our attitudes and how we can also change.

  24. 5 out of 5

    Alexej Gerstmaier

    Musings on the most valuable resource one has. Disagree with the authors that present hedonistic is desirable; I go all in on the Future perspective

  25. 4 out of 5

    Erika RS

    This book was full of good content that was lost in the presentation. Even when I first got the book (as a promotional item), I was suspicious of it. The title and the reviews on the back work together to make it sound more self help oriented than science oriented. The content supported this instinct. The opening chapters on the different time perspectives are well written, but the rest of the book contains a bunch of loosely related ways to use time perspectives to improve your life. They would This book was full of good content that was lost in the presentation. Even when I first got the book (as a promotional item), I was suspicious of it. The title and the reviews on the back work together to make it sound more self help oriented than science oriented. The content supported this instinct. The opening chapters on the different time perspectives are well written, but the rest of the book contains a bunch of loosely related ways to use time perspectives to improve your life. They would have made for great blog posts, but they only made for an okay book. That said, unlike a lot of self-help books, this book at least has the advantage of being based on real and interesting science. Zimbardo and Boyd both have backgrounds as researchers who have studied time perspectives. Citations abound, and the authors do a good job of making the research accessible. This could have been a great book, and I was quite disappointed that it turned out to be only an okay book. Zimbardo and Boyd have found time perspectives can explain a lot about behavior. In some ways, this is just yet another way of slicing and dicing people to understand how they behave (that's a good thing; every new perspective gives insight). However, time perspectives have an advantage over many of the currently popular ways of slicing and dicing: they can be changed. Thus, the authors spend a fair amount of time discussing the different time perspectives and outlining the "ideal" time perspective. Zimbardo and Boyd have found six major time perspectives. The time perspective of an individual is a mixture of these six types. The time perspectives they present are: Past positive: strong positive feelings associated with the past. Family and group oriented. Fond of tradition. Past negative: strong negative feelings associated with the past. May have feelings of guilt, resentment toward the past. Feels trapped by their past. Present hedonistic: focuses on the present, rather than on the past or the future. Committed to enjoying themselves. May be perceived as irresponsible. Present fatalistic: believes they cannot escape their present. Subject to depression that is made worse by the feeling that it is inevitable. Future oriented: focuses on outcomes, consequences, planning and saving. Sacrifices in the present for the future. Subject to stress. Future transcendental: focuses on the distant, impersonal future whether through religion or a concern for future generations. Zimbardo and Boyd believe that the ideal time perspective is high on past positive, fairly high and balanced on present hedonistic and future, moderately high on transcendental future, and low on the negative perspectives. They authors spend a fair amount of time going into why this is a good time perspective, but their suggestions are, largely, consistent with common sense. Overall, I found this book a useful read, although I could have got by with skipping the second half of the book.

  26. 4 out of 5

    N.

    Certainly I've expected more from Zimbardo. The first section of the book was not bad at all, actually it was quiet informative and insightful. I liked Zimbardo's classification of the different time perspectives, and sure you may discover a lot about your own time perspective, that may even surprise you. Its the second half, that the book became more of a mission of maximizing the number of pages, in which most chapters came more like self help books rather than psychology, or at least not the s Certainly I've expected more from Zimbardo. The first section of the book was not bad at all, actually it was quiet informative and insightful. I liked Zimbardo's classification of the different time perspectives, and sure you may discover a lot about your own time perspective, that may even surprise you. Its the second half, that the book became more of a mission of maximizing the number of pages, in which most chapters came more like self help books rather than psychology, or at least not the stanard of psychological info you would expect from a renowned psychology professor. I also disagree with Zimbardo in several points, he was eager to jump to conclusion in a way that prevented a thorough analysis of some important points. For example, and I don't want to sound personal here, he chose to mention my own country Egypt, stating that only 6% go Egyptian agreed with the US war against terrorism. A fact that Zimbardo considered implies eastern's forgiveness with terrorism. In my opinion, as an Egyptian, most Egyptians just didn't buy the US excuse for that "war on terrorism", knowing that it was just a false cover. That being the case or not, it is certainly quiet different from being forgiving with terror. Another simplification I found in Zimbardo associating fatalism with passiveness. That may be the case sometimes, but accepting fate is completely different from being passive about it in most cases. According to Z tests , I'm a complete fatalist, however, in real life I'm completely positive about grabbing my opportunities and working hard for achievements. Never the less, at least 50% of the book is both informative and delightful to read, and certainly telling you more about your self that what you knew.

  27. 5 out of 5

    Emily

    I read this so long ago. I remember thinking of all sorts of things I'd want to say about it when I finished it. Now I've forgotten most of them. I wouldn't say that understanding The Time Paradox will change your life. I will say that while I was reading it, I couldn't stop thinking about it. The primary thesis is that how we think about time has an enormous influence on our lives. Being present, past or future oriented correlates with one's outlook on the world. While I was struggling with a g I read this so long ago. I remember thinking of all sorts of things I'd want to say about it when I finished it. Now I've forgotten most of them. I wouldn't say that understanding The Time Paradox will change your life. I will say that while I was reading it, I couldn't stop thinking about it. The primary thesis is that how we think about time has an enormous influence on our lives. Being present, past or future oriented correlates with one's outlook on the world. While I was struggling with a group of students who couldn't really commit to the project they were working on, I thought a lot about the idea that they were a highly PRESENT oriented group of kids and that the notion of working toward anything in the future was a foreign concept for them. Mostly, I learned a lot of really fascinating tidbits about time (Things like the fact that TIME is the #1 most popular noun in the English language) and I got a sense of my own Time orientation. You can take the test and find out where you fall on the spectrum here. Mine was no surprise to me (equally distributed between present and future orientation) but it was fun to think about. http://www.thetimeparadox.com/

  28. 4 out of 5

    Esther

    The second time I read a book by Zimbardo (and certainly not the last!). His way of explaining psychology to people with little or no professional knowledge is amazing. It is easy to follow, interesting and scientifically founded at the same time. Though not quite as intense and shocking as the "Lucifer Effect", I found "The Time Paradox" more useful on a personal level. While learning that different attitudes towards the past, the present and the future influence our behaviour, our reactions an The second time I read a book by Zimbardo (and certainly not the last!). His way of explaining psychology to people with little or no professional knowledge is amazing. It is easy to follow, interesting and scientifically founded at the same time. Though not quite as intense and shocking as the "Lucifer Effect", I found "The Time Paradox" more useful on a personal level. While learning that different attitudes towards the past, the present and the future influence our behaviour, our reactions and inter-actions as well as our own happiness and success in life, the reader finds out to which type of time perspective he/ she belongs and which would be the right counter-part to complement or change his views to improve his/ her life. I believe I learned more than one good lesson for my personal development and what I find extremely fascinating is that I am able to turn the theory into practice and it seems to be working :-)

  29. 4 out of 5

    Laura (b00k-witch)

    The Time Paradox determines first of all, what your most prominent attitude to time is and explains how this affects behaviour. The remaining sections of the book detail with coherent examples how this information affects your attitudes on past, present, future, money etc ... It's not a how-to guide in the general sense, the way the information is presented is very much "here is the information, here is how this information can be detrimental/help you and it's up to you to decide to use the info The Time Paradox determines first of all, what your most prominent attitude to time is and explains how this affects behaviour. The remaining sections of the book detail with coherent examples how this information affects your attitudes on past, present, future, money etc ... It's not a how-to guide in the general sense, the way the information is presented is very much "here is the information, here is how this information can be detrimental/help you and it's up to you to decide to use the information". Although not overwhelmingly so, this book was informative and helpful, and is recommended for people perhaps wanting to change behaviour in small ways to form a different attitude to time (as opposed to learning how to use time better), or people with an interest in human behaviour.

  30. 4 out of 5

    Nicole

    An interesting and insightful read. Recommend to everyone.

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